Conditions We Treat
The specialists of Northern California Retina Vitreous Associates treat conditions related to the retina, macula, and vitreous.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Age-releated macular degeneration is an acquired degeneration of the retina that causes significant central visual impairment through a combination of nonneovascular and neovascular derangement.
Diabetic retinopathy refers to retinal changes that occur in patients with diabetes mellitus. These changes affect the small blood vessels of the retina and can lead to vision loss through several different pathways.
Retinal Vein Occlusion
CRVO: thrombus of central retinal vein near lamina cribosa.
BRVO: thrombus at arterioveinous crossing point from atherosclerosis.
Flashes & Floaters
Flashes occur when you see flashing lights or lightning streaks as a result of the vitreous gel pulling away from the retina. Floaters are tiny cell or material deposits inside the vitreous. It is more common to experience floaters and flashes as we age.
Retinal Tears or Detachment
Retinal detachment is a sight threatening condition with an incidence of approximately 1 in 10000.
A macular hole (MH) is a retinal break commonly involving the fovea.
Macular Pucker (Epiretinal Membrane, Wrinkle)
Epiretinal membrane is a disease of the eye in response to changes in the vitreous humor or more rarely, diabetes. Sometimes, as a result of immune system response to protect the retina, cells converge in the macular area as the vitreous ages and pulls away in posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). PVD can create minor damage to the retina, stimulating exudate, inflammation, and leucocyte response.
Central Serous Retinopathy
Central Serous Retinopathy causes visual impairment, often temporary, usually in one eye. When the disorder is active it is characterized by leakage of fluid under the retina that has a propensity to accumulate under the central macula resulting in blurred or distorted vision.
Uveitis is not a single disease. Similar to arthritis, uveitis can be a part of many different disease processes. Different types of uveitis often follow characteristic patterns that are distinguished by factors such as what part of the eye is affected.